文章摘要
胡静怡,朱磊,连紫宇,程成,冯皖,沈洪.白头翁汤对溃疡性结肠炎模型小鼠肠道菌群及短链脂肪酸的影响[J].南京中医药大学学报,2021,37(6):817-822.
白头翁汤对溃疡性结肠炎模型小鼠肠道菌群及短链脂肪酸的影响
Baitouweng Decoction Alleviates DSS-Induced Colitis via Rebalancing Gut Microbiota and Regulating Short Chain Fatty Acids
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 关键词:白头翁汤  溃疡性结肠炎  肠道菌群  短链脂肪酸
英文关键词: Baitouweng decoction  ulcerative colitis  gut microbiota  short chain fatty acids

基金项目:
作者单位
胡静怡,朱磊,连紫宇,程成,冯皖,沈洪 南京中医药大学附属医院江苏 南京 210029 
摘要点击次数: 23
全文下载次数: 44
中文摘要:
      目的 探究白头翁汤对溃疡性结肠炎(Ulcerative colitis,UC)模型小鼠的治疗作用及可能机制。方法 采用葡聚糖硫酸钠(Dextran sulphate sodium,DSS)诱导UC模型小鼠,给予白头翁汤干预。实验过程中,每日记录小鼠体质量、腹泻、便血情况。实验结束后测量小鼠结肠长度,HE染色观察结肠病理变化,qPCR检测结肠炎症因子表达,16S rRNA检测小鼠肠道菌群组成,GC-MS法检测回盲瓣内容物短链脂肪酸(SCFAs)含量。结果 与正常组小鼠相比,模型组小鼠体质量下降,结肠缩短(P<0.01),结肠组织中炎性细胞浸润,结构紊乱,部分形态消失;结肠组织中促炎因子IL-1β、IL-6和TNF-α表达增加(P<0.05,P<0.01)。肠道菌群结构失衡,厚壁菌门与拟杆菌门比值降低,回盲瓣内容物中丁酸、戊酸含量降低(P<0.01)。与模型组小鼠相比,白头翁汤干预后,小鼠体质量明显增加,结肠长度增加(P<0.05,P<0.01),结肠存在炎性细胞浸润,但结构清晰,IL-1β、IL-6和TNF-α表达下降(P<0.05,P<0.01),厚壁菌门与拟杆菌门比值增加,回盲瓣中丁酸、戊酸含量增加(P<0.05,P<0.01)。结论 白头翁汤可能通过调节肠道菌群,改善SCFAs代谢起到治疗溃疡性结肠炎的作用。
英文摘要:
      OBJECTIVE To explore the treatment and mechanism of Baitouweng decoction on ulcerative colitis mice. METHODS Colitis mice were induced by DSS and treated with or without Baitouweng decoction. During experiment,body weight of mice,the symptom of diarrhea and bloody stool were recorded. At the end of experiment, the length of colon was measured, colonic pathology was observed after HE staining, the expression of cytokines was evaluated by qPCR, the construction of gut microbiota was detected by 16S rRNA, the concentration of short chain fatty acids was measured by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. RESULTS Compared with the healthy mice, the body weight and the length of colon decreased in colitis mice(P<0.01), the construction of colon was disorder with infiltration of inflammation cells, and the expressions of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α was upregulated(P<0.05,P<0.01). But the expression of anti-inflammatory cytokines were not different between these two groups. Moreover,dysbacteriosis and low level of short chain fatty acids were observed. After Baitouweng decoction treatment, the weight of mice and the length of colon were increased(P<0.05,P<0.01). The expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokine, such as IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α, was downregulated(P<0.05,P<0.01). And the construction of gut microbiota was rebalanced especially in DSS+BTW-H group. The contents of butyric acid and valeric acid increased significantly(P<0.05,P<0.01). CONCLUSION Baitouweng decoction has therapeutic effect on DSS-induced colitis through rebalancing gut microbiota and short chain fatty acids.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭
微信公众号